Section 108 – Library Exceptions
Section 108 in the copyright law allows libraries and archives to make reproductions, under specific circumstances, without permission of the copyright holder.

U.S. Code 108 – Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Reproductions by libraries and archives
The full-text of U.S. Copyright Law, Section 108 along with background and legal notes.

Section 108 Spinner
An online tool to help determine if your reproduction meets Section 108 requirements and to gather information to support your use of it.

IFLA Copyright Limitations & Exceptions
International Federation of Library Associations provides a global overview of copyrights issues on libraries. Their goal is for the emergence of a global framework and they provide up-to-date news on the various international meetings, treaties, and various doings that impact this issue.

TEACH Act and Other Exceptions for Instructors
In 2002, Congress passed the Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act allowing for expansions of the scope in which educators can use and/or copy copyrighted materials in classroom settings.

ALA – TEACH Act
Created by the American Library Association, this page answers frequent questions on the TEACH Act addressing the fundamentals and the scope of the law, as well as reserves and library services.

UNC – TEACH ACT Toolkit
A toolkit designed for educators by the University of North Carolina at Charlotte providing information on what is the TEACH Act, a checklist listing the act’s requirements, guides to the vocabulary of the law, and other resources.

Exemptions for Instructors
An interactive tool to help teachers and educators assess whether they may use copyrighted materials under U.S. law without seeking permission of copyright holder.

Fair Use
Fair Use is a doctrine that allows for the limited use of some copyright material without the permission of the copyright holder. As written out in Section 107 of the Copyright Act, there are four factors that must be weighed when considering fair use: purpose and character of use, nature of copyrighted work, amount used, and the effect of use on the potential market. Fair Use can be tricky since there are no specific rules of what applies and what does not.
What is Fair Use?
A brief four-minute video made by Ohio State University’s Copyright Resource Center explaining the concept of fair use and the four factors.

U.S. Code 107 – Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Fair Use
The full-text of U.S. Copyright Law, Section 107 covering Fair Use along with background historical and legal notes.

Fair Use Checklist – Columbia Copyright Advisory Office
Developed by the Columbia Copyright Advisory Office, this PDF document can be used to assist in evaluating whether the use of a copyrighted work is considered fair use and a mechanism to document the process for project’s records.

Fair Use Evaluator
Developed by the ALA Office for Information Technology Policy & Michael Brewer, the Fair Use Evaluator is an interactive tool to help determine the “fairness” of a used of a copyrighted work under U.S. Copyright Law.

Fair Use and Electronic Reservces
A short article by the American Library Association on applying fair use in the development of electronic reserves systems.

Summaries of Fair Use Cases
A Stanford website summarizing cases involving fair use organized by type of media and highlighting important factors to note about the case or ruling.

Copyright and Fair Use Cases
Another Stanford page, this time organizing cases in chronological order with the most recent cases at the top. Each case contains a link to a brief attorney written summary.

*Image licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0 NY) found via Blue Diamond Gallery.

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